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Healthy People 2010 - With Annotations

Chapter 15

Injury and Violence Prevention
Lead Agency: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Goal: Reduce injuries, disabilities, and deaths due to unintentional injuries and violence.

15-29. Reduce drownings.

Target: 0.9 drownings per 100,000 population.

Baseline: 1.6 drownings per 100,000 population in 1998 (preliminary data; age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population).

Target setting method: Better than the best.

Data source: National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), CDC, NCHS, CPSC.

Total Population, 1997*
(unless noted)
Rate per 100,000
Race and ethnicity  
American Indian or Alaska Native 3.7
Asian or Pacific Islander 1.6
Asian DNC
Native Hawaiian - Pacific Islander DNC
Black or African American 1.9
White 1.4
Hispanic or Latino 1.4
Cuban DSU
Mexican 1.5
Puerto Rican 1.0
Not Hispanic or Latino 1.5
Black or African American 2.0
White 1.4
Female 0.6
Male 2.4
Education level
(aged 25 to 64 years)
Less than high school 2.4
High school graduate 1.7
At least some college 0.8
Geographic location  
Urban DNA
Rural DNA
Select populations  
Black or African American males 3.4
Children aged 4 years and younger 1.5
Males aged 15 to 34 years 1.8 (1998)

DNA = Data have not been analyzed. DNC = Data are not collected. DSU = Data are statistically unreliable.
Note: Age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population; 1998 data are preliminary.
*New data for population groups will be added when available.

In 1997, drownings accounted for over 4,000 deaths in the United States.(52) In 1992, 6,000 crashes involving recreational boats resulted in 3,700 injuries and 816 deaths.(53) Drowning is the second leading cause of injury-related death for children and adolescents aged 1 to 19 years, accounting for 1,502 deaths in 1995.(54)

Most deaths involving diving occur among persons aged 15 to 39 years, with the largest proportion (14.8 percent) occurring among persons aged 30 to 39 years. Many diving-related incidents result in spinal cord injury. Alcohol use is involved in about 50 percent of deaths associated with water recreation.(13)

Backyard swimming pools and spas represent the greatest risk to preschoolers, particularly those 18 to 30 months of age. Of the 600 annual downing deaths of children from birth to 5 years of age, more than 300 occur in residential swimming pools. Annually, approximately 2,300 nonfatal injuries sustained in residential swimming pools occur in this age group.(55)

Read Operational Definition for this Objective

Read Overview of Injuries

Back to HP 2010 Injury Objectives Page

Last modified: 22-Aug-2001.