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Healthy People 2010 - With Annotations

Chapter 15

Injury and Violence Prevention
Lead Agency: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Goal: Reduce injuries, disabilities, and deaths due to unintentional injuries and violence.

15-30. Reduce hospital emergency department visits for nonfatal dog bite injuries.

Target: 114 hospital emergency department visits per 100,000 population.

Baseline: 151.4 hospital emergency department visits per 100,000 population were for nonfatal dog bite injuries in 1997 (age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population).

Target setting method: Better than the best.

Data source: National Hospital Ambulatory Medical Care Survey (NHAMCS), CDC, NCHS.

Total Population, 1997 Hospital Emergency
Department Visits for
Nonfatal Dog Bite Injuries

Rate per 100,000
TOTAL 151.4
Race and ethnicity  
American Indian or Alaska Native DSU
Asian or Pacific Islander DSU
Asian DNC
Native Hawaiian and other Pacific Islander DNC
Black or African American 115.1
White 164.2
Hispanic or Latino DSU
Not Hispanic or Latino DSU
Black or African American DSU
White DSU
Female 150.8
Male 152.0
Education level  
Less than high school DNC
High school graduate DNC
At least some college DNC

DNA = Data have not been analyzed. DNC = Data are not collected. DSU = Data are statistically unreliable.

Note: Age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population.

Between 500,000 and 4 million persons in the United States are bitten by dogs every year.(56) Children are among the most vulnerable, and almost half of all people are estimated to have been bitten by a dog during childhood. Among children, more than half of bites have been to the head, face, or neck.

Because of the risk to large parts of the population, especially children, effective prevention strategies are needed to reduce the painful and costly burden of dog bites. More knowledge is needed through a combination of enhanced and coordinated dog bite reporting systems, expanded population-based surveys, and implementation and evaluation of prevention trials. Particularly for the more severe episodes, information needs to be obtained regarding high-risk situations, high-risk dogs, and elements of successful interventions.

Read Operational Definition for this Objective

Read Overview of Injuries

Back to HP 2010 Injury Objectives Page

Last modified: 22-Aug-2001.