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Healthy People 2010 - With Annotations

Chapter 15

Injury and Violence Prevention
Lead Agency: Centers for Disease Control and Prevention

Goal: Reduce injuries, disabilities, and deaths due to unintentional injuries and violence.

Violence and Abuse Prevention

15-32. Reduce homicides.

Target: 3.2 homicides per 100,000 population.

Baseline: 6.2 homicides per 100,000 population in 1998 (preliminary data; age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population).

Target setting method: Better than the best.

Data sources: National Vital Statistics System (NVSS), CDC, NCHS; Uniform Crime Reports, U.S. Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation.

Total Population, 1997* Homicides
Rate per 100,000
Race and ethnicity  
American Indian or Alaska Native 10.4
Asian or Pacific Islander 4.1
 Asian DNC
 Native Hawaiian - Pacific Islander DNC
Black or African American 25.2
White 4.3
Hispanic or Latino 9.9
 Cuban 11.4
 Mexican 10.3
 Puerto Rican 9.4
Not Hispanic or Latino 6.8
 Black or African American 26.1
 White 3.3
Female 3.2
Male 11.2
Education level
(aged 25 to 64 years)
Less than high school 18.3
High school graduate 10.5
At least some college 3.1
Select populations  
Children under 1 year 8.3
Children aged 1 to 4 years 2.4
Children aged 10 to 14 years 1.5
Adolescents aged 15 to 19 years 13.6
Persons aged 15 to 34 years 14.5
Intimate partners aged 14 to 45 years (spouse, ex-spouse, boyfriend, girlfriend) DNC
Black or African Americans aged 15 to 34 years 55.0
Females 14.4
Males 97.6
Hispanic males aged 15 to 34 years 34.9

DNA = Data have not been analyzed. DNC = Data are not collected. DSU = Data are statistically unreliable.

Note: Age adjusted to the year 2000 standard population.

*New data for population groups will be added when available.

Homicide was the cause of death for 19,491 Americans (7.2 per 100,000 population) in 1997.(58) Homicide is the second leading cause of death for young persons aged 15 to 24 years and the leading cause of death for African Americans in this age group.(59) Homicide rates are dropping among all groups, but the decreases are not as dramatic among youth, who already exhibit the highest rates. In 1997, 6,146 young persons aged 15 to 24 years were victims of homicide, amounting to almost 17 youth homicide victims per day in the United States.(60) Of all homicide victims in 1994, 38 percent were under age 24 years.(61) The homicide rate among males aged 15 to 24 years in the United States is 10 times higher than in Canada, 15 times higher than in Australia, and 28 times higher than in France or Germany.(62)

Read Operational Definition for this Objective

Read Overview of Injuries

Back to HP 2010 Injury Objectives Page

Last modified: 22-Aug-2001.