Healthy People 2010 - With Annotations
Mental Health Status Improvement
DNA = Data have not been analyzed. DNC = Data are not collected. DSU = Data are statistically unreliable.
Suicide is a complex behavior that can be prevented in many cases by early recognition and treatment of mental disorders. It was the ninth leading cause of death in the U.S. in 1996 and the third leading killer of young persons between the ages of 15 and 24.(see references below) At least 90 percent of all people who kill themselves have a mental or substance abuse disorder, or a combination of disorders. However, most persons with a mental or substance abuse disorder do not kill themselves, thus other factors contribute to suicide risk. In addition to mental and substance abuse disorders, risk factors include prior suicide attempt, stressful life events, and access to lethal suicide methods. Suicide is difficult to predict; therefore, preventive interventions focus on risk factors. Thus, reduction in access to lethal methods and recognition and treatment of mental and substance abuse disorders are among the most promising approaches to suicide prevention. More targeted approaches should consider risk factors most salient and appropriate for select populations.
Last modified: 10-Mar-2000.