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Healthy People 2010 - With Annotations

Chapter 26

Adverse Consequences of Substance Use and Abuse

26-7. (Developmental) Reduce intentional injuries resulting from alcohol- and illicit drug-related violence.

Potential data source:
National Crime Victimization Survey (NCVS), U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics.

A review of the literature found that the percentage of homicide offenders who were drinking when they committed the offense ranged from 7 to 85 percent, with most studies finding the figure greater than 60 percent.(74) Drugs, and most commonly alcohol, also are a factor in a significant number of firearm-related deaths.(75) In 1996, juvenile and adult arrestees testing positive for drugs had been frequently arrested for violent offenses, such as robbery, assault, and weapons offenses. Two-thirds of victims who experienced violence by an intimate (a current or former spouse, boyfriend, or girlfriend) reported that alcohol had been involved. Among spousal victims, three out of four incidents involved an offender who was drinking. Thirty-one percent of strangers who were victimized believed that the offender was using alcohol.(76) Efforts are underway to establish targeted prevention and treatment programs aimed at reducing violence related to or caused by alcohol and drug use.(77), (78) Efforts are underway to develop surveillance systems aimed at reinforcing local community activities.(79)

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Last modified: 15-Mar-2000.